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Integration guides/Authentication

Authenticate Neon Postgres application users with Auth0

Learn how to add authentication to a Neon Postgres database application using Auth0

User authentication is an essential part of most web applications. Modern apps often require features like social login, multi-factor authentication, and secure user data management that complies with privacy regulations.

Auth0 is an authentication and authorization platform that provides these features out of the box. It offers SDKs for popular web frameworks, making it straightforward to integrate with your application backed by a Neon Postgres database.

In this guide, we'll walk through setting up a simple Next.js application using Neon Postgres as the database, and add user authentication using Auth0. We will cover how to:

  • Set up a Next.js project with Auth0 for authentication
  • Create a Neon Postgres database and connect it to your application
  • Define a database schema using Drizzle ORM and generate migrations
  • Store and retrieve user data associated with Auth0 user IDs


To follow along with this guide, you will need:

  • A Neon account. If you do not have one, sign up at Neon. Your Neon project comes with a ready-to-use Postgres database named neondb. We'll use this database in the following examples.
  • An Auth0 account for user authentication. Auth0 provides a free tier to get started.
  • Node.js and npm installed on your local machine. We'll use Node.js to build and test the application locally.

Initialize your Next.js project

We will create a simple web app that lets you add a favorite quote to the home page, and edit it afterward. Run the following command in your terminal to create a new Next.js project:

npx create-next-app guide-neon-next-auth0 --typescript --eslint --tailwind --use-npm --no-src-dir --app --import-alias "@/*"

Now, navigate to the project directory and install the required dependencies:

npm install @neondatabase/serverless drizzle-orm
npm install -D drizzle-kit dotenv
npm install @auth0/nextjs-auth0

We use the @neondatabase/serverless package as the Postgres client, and drizzle-orm, a lightweight typescript ORM, to interact with the database. @auth0/nextjs-auth0 is the Auth0 SDK for Next.js applications. We also use dotenv to manage environment variables and the drizzle-kit CLI tool for generating database migrations.

Also, add a .env.local file to the root of your project, which we'll use to store Neon/Auth0 connection parameters:

touch .env.local


At the time of this post, the @auth0/nextjs-auth0 package caused import errors related to one of its dependencies (oauth4webapi). To stop Next.js from raising the error, add the following to your nextjs.config.mjs file:

/** @type {import('next').NextConfig} */
const nextConfig = {
  experimental: { esmExternals: "loose" },

export default nextConfig;

Now, we can start building the application.

Setting up your Neon database

Initialize a new project

  1. Log in to the Neon console and navigate to the Projects section.
  2. Select an existing project or click the New Project button to create a new one.
  3. Choose the desired region and Postgres version for your project, then click Create Project.

Retrieve your Neon database connection string

Navigate to the Connection Details section to find your database connection string. It should look similar to this:


Add this connection string to the .env.local file in your Next.js project.

# .env.local


Configuring Auth0 for authentication

Create an Auth0 application

  1. Log in to your Auth0 account and navigate to the Dashboard. From the left sidebar, select Applications > Create Application to create a new app.
  2. In the dialog that appears, provide a name for your application, select Regular Web Applications as the application type, and click Create.

Configure Auth0 application settings

  1. In the Settings tab of your Auth0 application, scroll down to the Application URIs section.
  2. Set the Allowed Callback URLs to http://localhost:3000/api/auth/callback for local development.
  3. Set the Allowed Logout URLs to http://localhost:3000.
  4. Click Save Changes at the bottom of the page.

Retrieve your Auth0 domain and client ID

From the Settings tab of your Auth0 application, copy the Domain and Client ID values. Add these to the .env.local file in your Next.js project:

# .env.local


Replace YOUR_AUTH0_DOMAIN, YOUR_AUTH0_CLIENT_ID and YOUR_AUTH0_CLIENT_SECRET with the actual values from your Auth0 application settings.

Run the following command in your terminal to generate a random 32-byte value for the AUTH0_SECRET variable:

node -e "console.log(crypto.randomBytes(32).toString('hex'))"

Implementing the application

Define your database connection and schema

Create a db folder inside the app/ directory. This is where we'll define the database schema and connection code.

Now, add the file app/db/index.ts with the following content:

/// app/db/index.ts

import { neon } from "@neondatabase/serverless";
import { drizzle } from "drizzle-orm/neon-http";
import { UserMessages } from "./schema";

if (!process.env.DATABASE_URL) {
  throw new Error("DATABASE_URL must be a Neon postgres connection string");

const sql = neon(process.env.DATABASE_URL);

export const db = drizzle(sql, {
  schema: { UserMessages },

This exports a db instance that we can use to execute queries against the Neon database.

Next, create a schema.ts file inside the app/db directory to define the database schema:

/// app/db/schema.ts

import { pgTable, text, timestamp } from "drizzle-orm/pg-core";

export const UserMessages = pgTable("user_messages", {
  user_id: text("user_id").primaryKey().notNull(),
  createTs: timestamp("create_ts").defaultNow().notNull(),
  message: text("message").notNull(),

This schema defines a table user_messages to store a message for each user, with the user_id provided by Auth0 as the primary key.

Generate and run migrations

We'll use the drizzle-kit CLI tool to generate migrations for the schema we defined. To configure how it connects to the database, add a drizzle.config.ts file at the project root.

/// drizzle.config.ts

import type { Config } from "drizzle-kit";
import * as dotenv from "dotenv";

dotenv.config({ path: ".env.local" });

if (!process.env.DATABASE_URL)
  throw new Error("DATABASE_URL not found in environment");

export default {
  schema: "./app/db/schema.ts",
  out: "./drizzle",
  driver: "pg",
  dbCredentials: {
    connectionString: process.env.DATABASE_URL,
  strict: true,
} satisfies Config;

Now, generate the migration files by running the following command:

npx drizzle-kit generate:pg

This will create a drizzle folder at the project root with the migration files. To apply the migration to the database, run:

npx drizzle-kit push:pg

The user_messages table will now be visible in the Neon console.

Configure Auth0 authentication

We create a dynamic route to handle the Auth0 authentication flow. Create a new file app/api/auth/[auth0]/route.ts with the following content:

/// app/api/auth/[auth0]/route.ts

import { handleAuth, handleLogin } from "@auth0/nextjs-auth0";

export default handleAuth({
  login: handleLogin(),

This sets up the necesssary Auth0 authentication routes for the application at the /api/auth/auth0/* endpoints - login, logout, callback (to redirect to after a successful login), and me (to fetch the user profile).

Next, we will wrap the application with the UserProvider component from @auth0/nextjs-auth0, so all pages have access to the current user context. Replace the contents of the app/layout.tsx file with the following:

/// app/layout.tsx

import type { Metadata } from "next";
import { Inter } from "next/font/google";
import "./globals.css";
import { getSession } from "@auth0/nextjs-auth0";
import { UserProvider } from "@auth0/nextjs-auth0/client";

const inter = Inter({ subsets: ["latin"] });

export const metadata: Metadata = {
  title: "Neon-Next-Auth0 guide",
  description: "Generated by create next app",

async function UserInfoBar() {
  const session = await getSession();
  if (!session) {
    return null;

  const { user } = session;
  return (
    <div className="bg-gray-100 py-2 px-4">
      <span className="text-gray-800">
        Welcome, {}!{" "}
        <a href="/api/auth/logout" className="text-blue-600 hover:underline">

export default function RootLayout({
}: Readonly<{
  children: React.ReactNode;
}>) {
  return (
      <html lang="en">
        <body className={inter.className}>
          <UserInfoBar />

Add interactivity to the application

Our application has a single page that lets the logged-in user store their favorite quote and displays it. We implement Next.js server actions to handle the form submission and database interaction.

Create a new file at app/actions.ts with the following content:

/// app/actions.ts

"use server";

import { getSession } from "@auth0/nextjs-auth0/edge";
import { UserMessages } from "./db/schema";
import { db } from "./db";
import { redirect } from "next/navigation";
import { eq } from "drizzle-orm";

export async function createUserMessage(formData: FormData) {
  const session = await getSession();
  if (!session) throw new Error("User not authenticated");

  const message = formData.get("message") as string;

  await db.insert(UserMessages).values({
    user_id: session.user.sub,


export async function deleteUserMessage() {
  const session = await getSession();
  if (!session) throw new Error("User not authenticated");

  await db.delete(UserMessages).where(eq(UserMessages.user_id, session.user.sub));

The createUserMessage function inserts a new message into the user_messages table, while deleteUserMessage removes the message associated with the current user.

Next, we implement a minimal UI to interact with these functions. Replace the contents of the app/page.tsx file with the following:

/// app/page.tsx

import { createUserMessage, deleteUserMessage } from "./actions";
import { db } from "./db";
import { getSession } from "@auth0/nextjs-auth0/edge";

async function getUserMessage() {
  const session = await getSession();
  if (!session) return null;

  return db.query.UserMessages.findFirst({
    where: (messages, { eq }) => eq(messages.user_id, session.user.sub),

function LoginBox() {
  return (
    <main className="flex min-h-screen flex-col items-center justify-center p-24">
        className="rounded-md bg-[#00E699] px-3.5 py-2.5 text-sm font-semibold text-gray-800 shadow-sm hover:bg-[#00e5BF] focus-visible:outline focus-visible:outline-2 focus-visible:outline-offset-2 focus-visible:outline-[#00E699]"
        Log in

export default async function Home() {
  const session = await getSession();
  const existingMessage = await getUserMessage();

  if (!session) {
    return <LoginBox />;

  const ui = existingMessage ? (
    <div className="w-2/3 text-center">
      <h1 className="text-3xl">{existingMessage.message}</h1>
        className="w-full rounded px-8 pt-6 pb-8 mb-4"
        <div className="w-full text-center">
            value={"Delete Quote"}
            className="bg-[#00E699] transition-colors hover:bg-[#00e5BF] text-gray-800 font-semibold py-2 px-4 rounded focus:outline-none cursor-pointer"
  ) : (
    <form action={createUserMessage} className="shadow-md w-2/3 rounded px-8">
      <div className="mb-6">
          placeholder="Mistakes are the portals of discovery - James Joyce"
          className="text-center appearance-none border rounded w-full p-3 text-gray-700 leading-tight focus:outline-none"
      <div className="w-full text-center">
          value={"Save Quote"}
          className="bg-[#00E699] cursor-pointer transition-colors hover:bg-[#00e5BF] text-gray-800 font-semibold py-2 px-4 rounded focus:outline-none"

  return (
    <main className="flex -mt-16 min-h-screen flex-col align-center justify-center items-center px-24">
      <h2 className="text-2xl pb-6 text-gray-400">
          ? "Your quote is wonderful..."
          : "Save an inspiring quote for yourself..."}

This implements a form with a single text field that lets the user input a quote, and submit it, whereby it gets stored in the database, associated with their Auth0 user ID. If a quote is already stored, it displays the quote and provides a button to delete it.

The getSession function from @auth0/nextjs-auth0/edge provides the current user's session information, which we use to interact with the database on their behalf. If the user is not authenticated, the page displays a login button instead.

Running the application

To start the application, run the following command:

npm run dev

This will start the Next.js development server. Open your browser and navigate to http://localhost:3000 to see the application in action. When running for the first time, you'll be prompted to log in with Auth0. By default, Auth0 provides email and Google account as login options.

Once authenticated, you'll be able to visit the home page, add a quote, and see it displayed.


In this guide, we walked through setting up a simple Next.js application with user authentication using Auth0 and a Neon Postgres database. We defined a database schema using Drizzle ORM, generated migrations, and interacted with the database to store and retrieve user data.

Next, we can add more routes and features to the application. The UserProvider component from @auth0/nextjs-auth0 provides the user context to each page, allowing you to conditionally render content based on the user's authentication state.

To view and manage the users who authenticated with your application, you can navigate to the Auth0 Dashboard and click on User Management > Users in the sidebar. Here, you can see the list of users who have logged in and perform any necessary actions for those users.

Source code

You can find the source code for the application described in this guide on GitHub.


For more information on the tools used in this guide, refer to the following documentation:

Need help?

Join our Discord Server to ask questions or see what others are doing with Neon. Users on paid plans can open a support ticket from the console. For more detail, see Getting Support.

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