In Neon, you can provision Postgres databases in < 1s. Don't believe us? Check out this demo
Getting Started/Framework quickstarts

Build a Python App with Reflex and Neon


Learn how to build a Python Full Stack application with Reflex and Neon

Reflex is a Python web framework that allows you to build full-stack applications with Python.

Using Reflex, you can build frontend and backend applications using Python to manage the interaction between a the frontend UI and state with the server-side logic. To make the application data-driven, you can connect to Neon.

To connect to Neon from a Reflex application:

  1. Create a Neon project
  2. Set up a Reflex project
  3. Configure Reflex connection settings

Create a Neon project

If you do not have one already, create a Neon project. Save your connection details including your password. They are required when defining connection settings.

To create a Neon project:

  1. Navigate to the Projects page in the Neon Console.
  2. Click New Project.
  3. Specify your project settings and click Create Project.

Set up a Reflex project

To set up a Reflex project, you need to install the Reflex CLI and create a new project.

It's recommended to use a virtual environment to manage your project dependencies. In this example, venv is used to create a virtual environment. You can use any other virtual environment manager of your choice like poetry, pipenv, or uv.

To create a virtual environment, run the following command in your project directory:

python3 -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate

Install the Reflex CLI

To install the Reflex CLI, run the following command:

pip install reflex

Create a new Reflex project

First, create a project directory for the Reflex app.

mkdir new_project
cd new_project

To initialize the Reflex app, run the following command:

reflex init

When a project is initialized, the Reflex CLI creates a project directory. This directory will contain the following files and directories:

├── .web
├── assets
├── <new_project>
   └── <new_project>.py

The file contains the project configuration settings. This is where the database connection settings will be defined.

Run the Reflex App

To run the Reflex app, use the following command:

reflex run

The Reflex server starts and runs on http://localhost:3000.

Configure Reflex connection settings

Now that you have set up a Reflex project, you can configure the connection settings to connect to Neon.

To configure the connection settings:

  1. Open the file in the project directory.

  2. Adjust the following code in the file to match your Neon connection details:

    import reflex as rx
    config = rx.Config(
        # Connect to your own database.

    Replace <connection-string-from-neon> with your Neon connection string. You can find all of the connection details listed above in the Connection Details widget on the Neon Dashboard. For more information, see Connect from any application.


    Replace the value for db_url with an environment variable or the connection string from Neon. For example, after creating an environment variable named NEON_DATABASE_URL, you can use it as follows:

    import os
    config = rx.Config(
  3. Save the changes to the file.

    Now, you can run the Reflex app and start building your Python full-stack application with Reflex and Neon.

Creating a data model

To create a data model in Reflex, you can define a Python class that represents the data structure. Reflex uses sqlmodel to provide a built-in ORM wrapping SQLAlchemy.

For example, you can create a Customer model as follows:

# <new_project>/

import reflex as rx

class Customer(rx.Model, table=True):
    """The customer model."""

    name: str
    email: str
    phone: str
    address: str

This code defines a Customer model with fields for name, email, phone, and address. The table=True argument tells Reflex to create a table in the database for this class.

You can then use this model to interact with the database and perform CRUD operations on the Customer data.

Creating the table with the model:

reflex db init

This command creates the table in the database based on the model definition using an alembic migration.

Now you can use the Customer model to interact with the database and perform CRUD operations on the Customer data.

For example, you can add a new customer to the database as follows:

with rx.session() as session:
            address="123 Main St",

This code creates a new Customer object and adds it to the database using a session. The session.commit() method saves the changes to the database. If you change the table schema, you can run the following command to update the database:

reflex db makemigrations --message '<describe what changed>'

This command generates a new migration file that describes the changes to the database schema. You can then apply the migration to the database with the following command:

reflex db migrate

This command applies the migration to the database, updating the schema to match the model definition.

Create a Customer Data App in Reflex with Neon

Learn how to use Reflex with Neon Postgres in the following project to create an interactive Customer Data App.

Last updated on

Edit this page
Was this page helpful?